Bastet Symbol

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Darstellung. Im Alten Reich wurde. Bastet ist die in der ägyptischen Mythologie als Katzengöttin dargestellte Tochter des Sonnengottes Re. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Darstellung; 2 Bedeutung; 3 Kult. Frauen sahen zu Bastet als Symbol der Fruchtbarkeit, und sie wurde oft mit einem Wurf von Kätzchen zu ihren Füßen dargestellt. Frauen, die Kinder tragen. anubis-and-bastet-tattoo -. anubis and bastet with eternal symbol. Ägyptische Katzen TattoosÄgyptische SymboleÄgypten TattooMotten Tattoo. Heilige Katzen-Halskette mit Flügeln der Göttin Bastet - Ägyptisches Symbol Ankh Lebenskreuz - Talisman des Lebens, des Wohlstands und der Gesundheit​.

Bastet Symbol

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She has a face of a cat and a cobra-head of goddess Wadjet on her crown. She was believed to ward off evil and contagious diseases as well.

To harm a cat was to commit a unforgivable sin against the goddess herself, and was considered a bad omen. The Greek historian, Herodotus described this temple in his work in the 5th century BCE, as being built on an island surrounded by a lake Isheru from three sides.

This lake was formed by the meeting of two channels from the Nile river. As and when a sacred cat died, it was mummified and presented to Bastet.

However, Anubis, the jackal-headed god and protector of the dead and mummification, was also a consort of Bastet.

Men and women would journey in ships from all over Egypt in order to reach the city of Bubastis.

The euphoria of the drunken state was said to please the goddess, because she was also believed to be the goddess of joy, music, dance, and love.

However, unlike Artemis, Bastet was not celibate, had consorts as well as children. The goddess Bastet was often shown with the face of a lioness many centuries later, symbolizing the ferocity and warrior-like demeanor that lay hidden beneath the protective traits of this goddess.

So, it was thought wise to keep her appeased and not anger her in any manner. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.

This is because Bast lived in the Persea tree during the time when she slew Apep see below for her major myths. Bastet as a cat-headed woman.

From the Walters Art Museum. Bast had several major relationships in the Egyptian pantheon.

We enumerate the main ones here. However, it's important to emphasize that because Bast was worshipped over a period of thousands of years, many of her relationships with other gods shifted dramatically over time, and were even contradictory!

As the mother of the pharaoh and the protector of Lower Egypt, Bast became closely associated with Wadjet, the patron goddess of Lower Egypt.

Bast protected Lower Egypt; Wadjet embodied it. As they were both symbolic of the nation and both embodied the "eye of Ra," combining the two goddesses into one figure, Wadjet-Bast, likely seemed natural.

Wadjet-Bast was often portrayed with a lion-head and a cobra-sun headdress. Mostly visibly, enormous annual festivals to honor Bast were held in her cult center city, Bubastis, involving raucous celebration and intoxication.

In their personal worship, Egyptians also prayed to Bastet to remove disease and guard the household. Egyptian homes displayed statues of Bastet to shield against thieves.

Cat amulets worn on the body invoked the protection of Bastet. There were also special Bast amulets with kittens on them that women wore for fertility purposes; the number of kittens on the amulet corresponded with the number of children desired.

Cats were sacred to Bast and were treasured pets in many Egyptian households. In addition to their religious association, they were highly valued for their vermin-killing abilities!

In the homes of the wealthy, cats wore gold jewelry and were fed lavishly from their owner's table. People deeply mourned their departed cats and dedicated their mummies to Bastet.

At the height of Bastet's popularity, the penalty for killing a cat—even by accident—was death! In the first millennium, Egyptian religion changed drastically, with an increased emphasis on local gods.

Local cult centers like Bubastis would then treat the animal associated with their god or goddess as a living aspect of that god as opposed to a mere symbol.

Thus, during this the temple at Bubastis became somewhat of a sanctuary for cats. Cats were mummified after death or ceremonial sacrifice.

Archeologists uncovered an enormous sacred animal cat cemetery in Bast's temple. An ancient Egyptian cat mummy. Apep sometimes called Apophis was an underworld serpent god associated with darkness and chaos.

He was the greatest enemy of Ra, Bast's father, and wished to consume everything with darkness and destroy Ra.

The priests of Ra tried to hex Apep but none of their spells worked. So Bast, in her cat form with excellent night vision!

Apep's death ensured the sun would continue to shine and crops would continue to grow, and Bast was honored as a goddess of fertility thereafter.

When Ra was still a mortal pharaoh, he once felt angry with the people of Egypt. So he released Sekhmet, his daughter, on the people to exact vengeance.

She slaughtered huge numbers of people and drank their blood. Ra felt remorseful and wanted to stop Sekhmet.

So he had the people pour red-tinged beer over the land. Then when Sekhmet came across it, she thought it was blood and drank it.

Drunken, she fell asleep. And when she awoke, she had transformed into either Hathor or Bast, depending on who is telling the story.

A myth from Bubastis posits that turquoise is actually the fallen menstrual blood of the goddess Bastet, which transformed into turqoise as soon as it touched the ground.

The slaying of Apep. From the tomb of Inher-Ka at Thebes. Unsurprisingly given the sheer length of time that Bast has been worshipped, she changed and morphed dramatically throughout Egyptian history.

Originally, her primary aspect was as a lioness goddess. It was only later around BC that she became associated more closely with the cat.

Her cult center, Bubastis, was briefly the capital of Egypt, starting around BC. Bastet's link with Sekhmet came about primarily because they were counterpart protector goddesses of Lower and Upper Egypt, respectively.

Bastet became more closely associated with the housecat partially as a result of the syncretization combination of the Upper and Lower Egyptian divine pantheons.

As the divine mother of the Pharaoh and protector of lower Egypt, Bastet eventually became linked with Wadjet, Lower Egypt's patron goddess.

Wadjet-Bast was her name in this aspect. Later this figure was absorbed into the figure of Mut, becoming Wadjet-Bast-Mut.

Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis in Lower Egypt , originally as a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet.

Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects of the same goddess, with Sekhmet representing the powerful warrior and protector aspect and Bastet, who increasingly was depicted as a cat , representing a gentler aspect.

Bastet, the form of the name that is most commonly adopted by Egyptologists today because of its use in later dynasties, is a modern convention offering one possible reconstruction.

What the name of the goddess means remains uncertain. This association would have come about much later than when the goddess was a protective lioness goddess, however, and is useful only in deciphering the origin of the term, alabaster.

Bastet was originally a fierce lioness warrior goddess of the sun worshiped throughout most of ancient Egyptian history, but later she was changed into the cat goddess that is familiar today, becoming Bastet.

As protector of Lower Egypt , she was seen as defender of the king , and consequently of the sun god, Ra.

Bastet was also a goddess of pregnancy and childbirth, possibly because of the fertility of the domestic cat.

Images of Bastet were often created from alabaster. The goddess was sometimes depicted holding a ceremonial sistrum in one hand and an aegis in the other—the aegis usually resembling a collar or gorget , embellished with a lioness head.

Bastet was also depicted as the goddess of protection against contagious diseases and evil spirits. Bastet was a local deity whose religious sect was centered in the city that became named, Bubastis.

It lay in the Nile Delta near what is known today as Zagazig. Herodotus , an ancient Greek historian who traveled in Egypt in the fifth century BCE, describes Bastet's temple at some length: [14].

Save for the entrance, it stands on an island; two separate channels approach it from the Nile, and after coming up to the entry of the temple, they run round it on opposite sides; each of them a hundred feet wide, and overshadowed by trees.

The temple is in the midst of the city, the whole circuit of which commands a view down into it; for the city's level has been raised, but that of the temple has been left as it was from the first, so that it can be seen into from without.

A stone wall, carven with figures, runs round it; within is a grove of very tall trees growing round a great shrine, wherein is the image of the goddess; the temple is a square, each side measuring a furlong.

A road, paved with stone, of about three furlongs' length leads to the entrance, running eastward through the market place, towards the temple of Hermes ; this road is about feet wide, and bordered by trees reaching to heaven.

This description by Herodotus and several Egyptian texts suggest that water surrounded the temple on three out of four sides, forming a type of lake known as, isheru , not too dissimilar from that surrounding the temple of the mother goddess Mut in Karnak at Thebes.

Each of them had to be appeased by a specific set of rituals. At the Bubastis temple, some cats were found to have been mummified and buried, many next to their owners.

More than , mummified cats were discovered when Bastet's temple was excavated. Turner and Bateson suggest that the status of the cat was roughly equivalent to that of the cow in modern India.

The death of a cat might leave a family in great mourning and those who could, would have them embalmed or buried in cat cemeteries—pointing to the great prevalence of the cult of Bastet.

Extensive burials of cat remains were found not only at Bubastis, but also at Beni Hasan and Saqqara.

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